Grammar Guru: This has to be done until/ by Friday

Last week’s options were

  • I especially like Indian summer. (7 votes)
  • I like especially Indian summer. (0 votes)

All votes were correct – so my students weren’t voting ;).  Adverb placement is one of the trickiest issues in English grammar. As a rule of thumb, place them before the verb, but after an auxiliary verb (be, have):

  • Indian summer is especially nice when it lasts into November.
  • Unfortunately, I have never experienced it in New England.

This week, decide between two options:

  • This has to be done until Friday.
  • This has to be done by Friday.

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Anne

Teaching English for business communication skills, writing online for learners, translating, sailing whenever I can, from Washington, D.C.

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